To carry out his or her research, the doctoral student must have sufficient financial resources for the duration of the doctorate.

Conditions of financing of the PhD in the ED SVS

For a full-time doctorate, a level of funding comparable to that obtained through a doctoral contract must be sought, and priority must be given to dedicated funding in the form of work contracts for a period of at least three years from the time of first registration in the doctoral program. If the doctoral student's resources come from a professional activity not directly related to the thesis (e.g. teaching or self-employment), it must be ensured that this activity leaves sufficient time for the successful completion of the part-time thesis in no more than six years.

The minimum level of funding required for thesis registration in the doctoral school corresponds to the SMIC hourly wage at the time of registration for the time spent in France (in the case of co-tutelles). This funding must cover the duration of the thesis at the Doctoral School. An official attestation from the funding organization justifying the financing must be provided with the registration file. When the monthly funding from the funding organization is less than the SMIC (for example in the case of foreign funding), the host laboratory must attach a certificate of commitment from the latter to supplement the funding to a minimum of the SMIC.

In case of additional time beyond the legal duration, the financing must be provided under the same conditions (proof of financing is required).

It is the responsibility of the structures that recruit doctoral students to seek or provide for their remuneration.
The doctoral contract


The doctoral contract

A doctoral contract is a three-year fixed-term contract that allows a doctoral student to devote himself or herself fully and exclusively to his or her research work for the preparation of the thesis. It is offered by a specific type of employer: public institutions of higher education and/or research. It is of an amount set by the decree of October 11, 2021 amending the decree of August 29, 2016 fixing the amount of the remuneration of the contractual doctoral student - Légifrance (

Reference text:

Decree of April 23, 2009, modified by the decree of August 29, 2016


Doctoral contract establishment (CDE)

The CDE are fixed-term contracts of 3 years which are proposed each year by some institutions such as the University of Western Brittany and the University of Rennes 1. The choice and the distribution of the subjects of thesis financed by CDE and the selection of the candidates admitted in thesis are subjected to rules specific to each institution.

Some CDEs are allocated to thesis projects by the institutions through a specific call for tenders to implement their scientific policy.

Doctoral contracts financed by the Brittany Region (ARED)

The Regional Council of Brittany offers Doctoral Research Grants (ARED). This aid is aimed at institutions that are in charge of thesis projects and aims to develop the reception of doctoral students within research teams established in Brittany. The aid corresponds to 50% of the eligible expenses and is capped at 17 500€ per year per project. A supplement corresponding to 50% of the doctoral contract must be obtained by the project leaders from other funding organizations.

Doctoral contracts offered by Foundations or Associations

Some foundations or associations offer thesis funding that meets the specific conditions of a doctoral contract. They are established by an agreement between the organization and the university that receives the funds and sets up the doctoral contract.

Specific ENS and EHESP doctoral contracts

Proposed by the Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS) or the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Santé Publique (EHESP), the doctoral contract is established by the university to which the doctoral student's research unit is attached.

Doctoral contract "Handicap

A national "Doctorat Handicap" campaign for the allocation of doctoral contracts to people with disabilities is set up each year by the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation. Applications are submitted to the university by the doctoral schools attached to the institution, and then sent to the Ministry by the university. Applications must be sent to the doctoral school to which the project laboratory is attached. Arrangements also exist within EPSTs such as the CNRS.

Doctoral contract under private law

This is a doctoral contract so that doctoral students can complete their thesis in the private sector. It is a three-year renewable contract (twice with a maximum of one year per renewal).

CIFRE (Convention Industrielle de Formation par la Recherche)

The aim of this program is to promote public-private partnership research by creating collaboration and research contracts between a company and an academic laboratory through the hiring by the company of a PhD student attached to the ED.

Research Contract

This is a contract established between a higher education institution and one or more public or private partners: ANR, European Union, ADEME...